According to NOAA’s recent report, July 2019 has shattered the record for the hottest month to date in terms of temperature of the planet. The average global temperature of July 2019 was 1.7 degrees Fahrenheit more than the global average of the 20th Century, making it the hottest July in in 140 years. The previous record for the hottest month on record for the planet was July 2016.
However, in terms of yearly period, 2016 was still the hottest year ever recorded. The year of 2019 comes in second place, which is tied with 2017 in terms of hottest yearly temperatures recorded on Earth. The year 2019 was significant due to it being the hottest year for some regions like Asia, Australia, New Zealand, the Southern half of Africa, portions of the Western Pacific Ocean, Western Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
Why does all this matter?
Even though in overall terms the year 2019 was second place with regards to the hottest year on planet Earth, the month of July 2019 has surpassed the record for the lowest sea ice ever recorded on Earth. The Arctic sea ice is at a record low of 19.8% less than the average. The sad part is that with melting sea ice, we will be stuck in a vicious circle of speeding climate change. When Arctic sea ice melts, sunlight is absorbed by the oceans which causes heating and warms up the planet. The melting and warming will cause the oceans to rise 23 feet by year 2100 as estimated by Greenpeace.
We must do more to adhere to the Paris Climate Summit goals, which is to keep the increase in global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels; and to limit the increase to 1.5 °C, since this would substantially reduce the risks and effects of climate change.
Do you believe we can achieve that goal? Please comment below!